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Indian drug makers want Govt to raise prices of medicines under essential drugs list

Monday, May 11, 2009, 16:14 This news item was posted in Industry category and has 3 Comments so far.

Indian drug makers are seeking to hike the prices of all the 74 essential medicines. These medicines were put under price control by the government due to the importance of these drugs to public health.

All the drug packs containing the listed 74 medicines are under surveillance by the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) — India drug pricing watchdog. NPPA checks all the formulations based on these essential drugs periodically for price revision and alerts the manufacturers on violations.

The drug regulator annually fixes the maximum retail price of medicines that contain any one of the 74 raw materials that are under the price control of the government, as per the Drugs Price Control Order.

The Drugs Price Control Order (DPCO) 1995 is an order issued by the Government of India under Section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 to regulate the prices of drugs. The Order provides the list of price controlled drugs, procedures for fixation of prices of drugs, method of implementation of prices fixed by Government and penalties for contravention of provisions among other things.

NPPA is vested with the powers for implementing provisions of DPCO. Only 74 (see the list of price-controlled drugs below) out of 500 commonly used bulk drugs are kept under statutory price control. All formulations containing these bulk drugs either in a single or combination form fall under the price control category.

The price is fixed through after considering all possible costs in packaging, conversion and material costs, as well as the excise duty, by the NPPA.Costs involving packaging and conversion contribute about one-third of the price that consumers pay for medicines.

NPPA carries out the price-fixing exercise as a step to bring in uniformity of cost among all the formulations containing price-controlled drugs across the country.

NPPA give a free reign for those drug which do not come under price-control, allowing them to increase the price by up to 10% annually.

Now, the companies are planning to approach the ministry with report seeking an upward revision of prices fixed by NPPA for these drugs, according to industry sources.

The production cost of the drugs have increased by at least 25% over the years. So the price-ceilings imposed several years ago will be totally unrealistic now, they argue. 

The companies have been asked to submit the report by the first week of June. The government is expected to take a decision on it by July.

List of Price Controlled Drugs (DPCO 1995)

BULK DRUGS

   1. SULPHAMETHOXAZOLE

   2. PENICILLINS

   3. TETRACYCLINE

   4. RIFAMPICIN

   5. STREPTOMYCIN

   6. RANITIDINE

   7. VITAMIN C

   8. BETAMETHASONE

   9. METRONIDAZOLE

  10. CHLOROQUINE

  11. INSULIN

  12. ERYTHROMYCIN

  13. VITAMIN A

  14. OXYTETRACYCLINE

  15. PREDNISOLONE

  16. CEPHAZOLIN

  17. METHYLDOPA

  18. ASPIRIN

  19. TRIMETHOPRIM

  20. CLOXACILLIN

  21. SULPHADIMIDINE

  22. SALBUTAMOL

  23. FAMOTIDINE

  24. IBUPROFEN

  25. METAMIZOL (ANALGIN)

  26. DOXYCYCLINE

  27. CIPROFLOXACIN

  28. CEFOTAXIME

  29. DEXAMETHASONE

  30. EPHEDRINE

  31. VITAMIN B1 (THIAMINE)

  32. CARBAMAZEPINE

  33. VITAMIN B2 (RIBOFLAVIN)

  34. THEOPHYLLINE

  35. LEVODOPA

  36. TOLNAFTATE

  37. VITAMIN E

  38. NALIDIXIC ACID

  39. GRISEOFULVIN

  40. GENTAMICIN

  41. DEXTROPROPOXYPHENE

  42. HALOGENATED HYDROXYQUINOLINE

  43. PENTAZOCINE

  44. CAPTOPRIL

  45. NAPROXEN

  46. PYRENTAL

  47. SULPHADOXINE

  48. NORFLOXACIN

  49. CEFADROXYL

  50. PANTHONATES & PANTHENOLS

  51. FURAZOLIDONE

  52. PYRITHIOXINE

  53. SULPHADIAZINE

  54. FRAMYCETIN

  55. VERAPAMIL

  56. GLIPIZIDE

  57. SPIRONOLACTONE

  58. PENTOXYFYLLINE

  59. AMODIAQUIN

  60. SULPHAMOXOLE

  61. FRUSEMIDE

  62. PHENIRAMINE MALEATE

  63. CHLOROXYLENOLS

  64. BECAMPICILLIN

  65. LINCOMYCIN

  66. CHLORPROPAMIDE

  67. MEBHYDROLINE

  68. CHLORPROMAZINE

  69. METHENDIENONE

  70. PHENYL BUTAZONE

  71. LYNESTRANOL

  72. SALAZOSULPHAPYRINE

  73. DIOSMINE

  74. TRIMIPRAMINE

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3 Responses to “Indian drug makers want Govt to raise prices of medicines under essential drugs list”

  1. rashid pawar said on Wednesday, May 13, 2009, 13:18

    does veterinary medicines also attracts DPCO ?

  2. Roy said on Friday, August 7, 2009, 14:25

    Can include vitamins A, C and E if they are part of a dietary supplement product? Do Breakfast cereals that contain vitamins fall under price control?

  3. mukesh garg said on Saturday, August 8, 2009, 17:34

    no,veterinary medicines should not atracts dpco.

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