Next time when you go the chemist for a pack of emergency contraceptives pills like i-pill or Unwanted 72, the pharmacist may ask you for a doctor’s prescription.
Emergency contraceptive pills such as Cipla’s i-pill and Mankind Pharma’s Unwanted 72 are currently sold as over-the-counter (OTC) drugs which can be bought like a pain balm or Anacin and do not require a prescription from doctor.
The health ministry, under the Union government is now considering a review the OTC status of emergency oral contraceptives i-Pill and Unwanted etc as reports of the no-holds-barred advertisements being aired in the national and regional electronic media on the morning after pills and rampant misuse of them.
The Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB) under the Union Health Ministry, which advises the drug regulator on the technical aspects of pharmaceutical products will be reviewing the current OTC status of the contraceptive pills ‘Unwanted 72′ and ‘i-pill’ in a meeting scheduled to be held on November 9.
In its meeting, DTAB will also look into the nature of advertisement on ‘Unwanted 72′ and ‘i-pill’ being aired through various media at the moment to consider whether the companies should be allowed to continue with such ads, reports said.
Gynaecologists and various organizations have been alerting on the dangers of possible misuse of the emergency contraceptive pills ‘Unwanted 72′ and ‘i-pill’ by the youngsters as a regular contraceptive method.
Gynaecologists of metros have often reported cases of ‘Unwanted 72′ and ‘i-pill’ misuse among tennagers and the resultant problems like irregular menstruation and other side-effects.
Oral contraceptive pills also called `morning-after-pills’ were started selling through the local chemist over the counter a year ago after the government gave pharmacists permission to give women rights over their sexuality and fertility.
Morning after oral contraceptive like i-pill contains levonorgestrel in 1.50 mg strength. Levonorgestrel is a synthetic derivative of the naturally occurring female sex hormone, progesterone.
Morning after oral contraceptive like i-pill and Unwanted 72 are used to reduce the chances of becoming pregnant after unprotected sexual intercourse.
Morning after oral contraceptive like i-pill and Unwanted 72 should be used before 72 hours to prevent an unplanned pregnancy after unprotected sex. Pregnancy is established only after the fertilized egg attaches itself to the womb. This process can take 2 to 4 days.
Even though these pills are effective in stopping unwanted pregnancy in almost 98% of cases, morning after oral contraceptive like i-pill and Unwanted 72 should be taken as soon as possible and not later than 72 hours. The sooner one takes the pill, the more effective it is. i-pill is 95% effective within 24 hours of unprotected sex, 85% between 25-48 hours and 58% if taken between 49-72 hours, according to Cipla website.
Morning after oral contraceptive like i-pill and Unwanted 72 can work in any of three different ways depending on where you may be in your menstrual cycle: It may stop an egg being released from the ovary; if an egg has been released, the pills may prevent the sperm from fertilizing it and if the egg is already fertilized, it may prevent it from attaching itself to the lining of the womb.
Morning after oral contraceptive like i-pill and Unwanted 72 are ineffective if the pregnancy is established (i.e. the fertilized egg has attached itself to the womb). It is therefore not an abortion pill.
Morning after oral contraceptive like i-pill and Unwanted 72 are useful as a backup birth control method under circumstances like contraceptive failure; unprotected sex; improper use of your regular birth control method or forced sex
Morning after oral contraceptive like i-pill and Unwanted 72 are recommended as an emergency contraceptive.
Nausea, vomiting, lower abdominal pain, a feeling of breast tenderness and headache are some common side effects after taking morning after oral contraceptive like i-pill and Unwanted 72 .
There are chances of unexpected vaginal bleeding, but this is not dangerous and should clear up by the time of the next period.
Morning after oral contraceptive like i-pill and Unwanted 72 might also cause the next period to come early or later than normal. But if the periods are delayed by more than a week, it is recommended to go in for a pregnancy test.